Solar Testing

Solar Testing
Purpose and Benefits of Solar Testing
Applied Technical Services, Inc. offers solar testing to clients whose materials and equipment can be affected by direct solar radiation. Our ISO 9001 accredited labs are well equipped and professionally managed to perform accurate testing and provide clear, detailed reports. By using a variety of methods, technicians in our environmental testing lab determine the degree to which sample materials are susceptible to the negative effects of solar radiation.
Materials are subject to three main stress factors when exposed to direct sunlight:
  • Thermal Rise
  • Moisture
  • Solar Radiation
Based upon manufacturing process and material composition, it can be determined if a component absorbs higher rates of radiation or has more reflective qualities.
Exposure to Solar Radiation Can Reveal:
  • Poor Structural Integrity
  • Expansion or Contraction of Materials
  • Effects on Moving Parts
  • Glue Adhesions
  • Effects on Elasticity
  • Linkage Device malfunction
  • Electrical Component Failures
  • Premature Actuation of Electrical Contacts
  • Effects on Elastomers and Polymers
  • Blistering Paints, Composites, and/or Surface Laminates
  • Peeling Paints, Composites, and/or Surface Laminates
  • Delamination of Paints, Composites and/or Surface Laminates
  • Softening of Potting Compounds
  • Effects on Pressure
  • Causes of Sweating of Materials and Explosives
  • Difficulty in Handling Due to High Temperatures
  • Fading of Color
  • Checking and Chalking
Industries Served
Among the many industries with which ATS enjoys an excellent reputation are military, aerospace, maritime, railroad, automotive, construction, consumer products, industrial, manufacturing, nuclear, chemical, commercial, pharmaceuticals, power generation and telecommunications.
Popular Industry Testing Standards:
  • MIL–STD
  • ASTM
  • ISO
  • AATCC
  • GME
  • GMW
  • JASO
  • PV
  • SAE
  • VDA
  • VW PV
  • EN
  • GM
  • DIN EN
Whether you are testing to popular industry standards or need customized testing, our experts have the knowledge to get your questions answered and your products validated. ATS’ experts also offer reviews of installation practices and workmanship. With clients from many industries, ATS tests a wide variety of products.
Commonly Tested Products / Components:
  • Paints and Coatings
  • Textiles
  • Paper Products
  • Interior / Exterior Automotive Plastics
  • Packaging
  • Roofing Materials
  • Siding Materials
Below is an exhaustive list of testing standards and descriptions, categorized by the general method to which they pertain:
Standard Description
ASTM D4329–05
Standard Practice for Fluorescent UV Exposure of Plastics
ASTM D4674
Standard Practice for accelerated Testing for Color Stability of Plastics Exposed to Indoor Fluorescent Lighting and Window Filtered Daylight
ASTM D5208–09
Standard Practice for Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Exposure of Photodegradable Plastics
ISO 4892–3
UV Exposure: Plastics – Methods of Exposure To Laboratory Light Sources – Fluorescent UV Lamps
AAMA 624
Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for High Performance Organic Coatings on Fiber Reinforced Thermoset Profiles
AATCC TM186
Weather Resistance: UV Light and Moisture Exposure
ASTM C1257
Standard Test Method for Accelerated Weathering of Solvent-Release-Type Sealants
ASTM C1442
Practice for Conducting Tests on Sealants Using Artificial Weathering Apparatus
ASTM C1501
Standard Test Method for Color Stability of Building Construction Sealants as Determined by Laboratory Accelerated Weathering Procedures
ASTM C1519
Standard Test Method for Evaluating Durability of Building Construction Sealants by Laboratory Accelerated Weathering Procedures
ASTM C732
Standard Test Method for Aging Effects of Artificial Weathering on Latex Sealants
ASTM C734
Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Flexibility of Latex Sealants After Artificial Weathering
ASTM C793
Standard Test Method for Effects of Laboratory Accelerated Weathering on Elastomeric Joint Sealants
ASTM D1148
Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration-Discoloration from Ultraviolet (UV) and Heat Exposure of Light-Colored Surfaces
ASTM D1670
Standard Test Method for Failure End Point in Accelerated and Outdoor Weathering of Bituminous Materials
ASTM D3424
Standard Practice for Evaluating the Relative Lightfastness and Weatherability of Printed Matter
ASTM D3451
Standard Guide for Testing Coating Powders and Powder Coatings
ASTM D4101
Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
ASTM D4329
Standard Practice for Fluorescent UV Exposure of Plastics
ASTM D4434
Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Sheet Roofing
ASTM D4587
Standard Practice for Fluorescent UV-Condensation Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings
ASTM D4674
Standard Practice for Accelerated Testing for Color Stability of Plastics Exposed to Indoor Office Environments
ASTM D4799
Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering Test Conditions and Procedures for Bituminous(Fluorescent UV, Water Spray, and Condensation Method)
ASTM D4811
Standard Specification for Nonvulcanized (Uncured) Rubber Sheet Used as Roof Flashing
ASTM D5208
Standard Practice for Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Exposure of Photodegradable Plastics
ASTM D5894
Standard Practice for Cyclic Salt Fog/UV Exposure of Painted Metal, (Alternating Exposures in a Fog/Dry Cabinet and a UV/Condensation Cabinet)
ASTM D6577
Standard Guide for Testing Industrial Protective Coatings
ASTM D882
Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
ASTM D904
Standard Practice for Exposure of Adhesive Specimens to Artificial Light
ASTM D925
Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Staining of Surfaces (Contact, Migration, and Diffusion)
ASTM E3006
Standard Practice for Ultraviolet Conditioning of Photovoltaic Modules or Mini-Modules Using a Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus
ASTM F1164
Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Transparent Plastics Exposed to Accelerated Weathering Combined with Biaxial Stress
ASTM F1945
Standard Practice for Determining the Lightfastness of Ink Jet Prints Exposed to Indoor Fluorescent Lighting
ASTM G151
Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices That Use Laboratory Light Source
ASTM G154
Practice for Operating Fluorescent Light Apparatus for UV Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials
EN 13523–10 (DIN)
Coil Coated Metals — Test Methods Part 10: Resistance to Fluorescent UV Radiation and Water Condensation
GM 9125P
Procedures for Laboratory Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Materials
ISO 4892–3 (EN) (DIN)
Plastics — Methods of Exposure to Laboratory Light Sources - Part 3: Fluorescent UV Lamps
SAE J2020
Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Exterior Materials Using a Fluorescent UV and Condensation Apparatus
Standard Description
ASTM G155–13
Standard Practice for Operation of Xenon Arc Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Materials
ASTM D2565
Standard Practice for Operation of Xenon Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Use
ASTM D5071–06
Standard Practice for Exposure of Photodegradable Plastics in a Xenon Arc Apparatus
ISO 4892–2
UV Exposure: Plastics – Methods of Exposure To Laboratory Light Sources — Xenon Arc
ISO 11341
Paints and varnishes — Artificial weathering and exposure to artificial radiation — exposure to filtered xenon-arc radiation
AATCC TM16–1998
Colorfastness to Light
AATCC TM16–2004
Colorfastness to Light
AATCC TM169
Weather Resistance of Textiles: Xenon Lamp Exposure
ASTM C1442
Standard Practice for Conducting Tests on Sealants Using Artificial Weathering Apparatus
ASTM D3424
Standard Test Methods for Evaluating the Relative Lightfastness and Weatherability of Printed Matter
ASTM D4303
Standard Test Methods for Lightfastness of Pigments Used in Artists' Paints
ASTM D4355
Standard Test Method for Deterioration of Geotextiles from Exposure to Ultraviolet Light and Water (Xenon-Arc Type Apparatus)
ASTM D4459
Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Indoor Applications
ASTM D4798
Standard Test Method for Accelerated Weathering Test Conditions and Procedures for Bituminous Materials (Xenon-Arc Method)
ASTM D6551
Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering of Pressure-Sensitive Tapes by Xenon-Arc Exposure Apparatus
ASTM D6695
Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings
ASTM D7869
Standard Practice for Xenon Arc Exposure Test with Enhanced Light and Water Exposure for Transportation Coatings
ASTM D904
Standard Practice for Exposure of Adhesive Specimens to Artificial Light
ASTM E1596
Standard Test Methods for Solar Radiation Weathering of Photovoltaic Modules
ASTM G151
Standard Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources
FLTM BI 160
Florida and Arizona Outdoor Exposure Test
GME 60292
Designation of Color Fastness and Resistance to Artificial Light
GMW 14162
Colorfastness to Artificial Weathering
GMW 3414
Test Method for Artificial Weathering of Automotive Interior Trim Materials
ISO 105–B02
Textiles — Tests for color fastness — Part B02: Color fastness to artificial light: Xenon arc fading lamp test
ISO 105–B04
Textiles — Tests for color fastness — Part B04: Color fastness to weathering: Xenon arc test
ISO 105–B06
Textiles — Tests for color fastness — Part B06: Color fastness and ageing to artificial light at high temperatures: Xenon arc fading lamp test
ISO 105–B10
Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part B10: Artificial weathering: Exposure to filtered xenon-arc radiation
ISO 12040
Graphic technology — Prints and printing inks — Assessment of light fastness using filtered xenon arc light
ISO 16474–2
Paints and varnishes — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps
ISO 3917
Road vehicles — Safety glazing materials — Test methods for resistance to radiation, high temperature, humidity, fire and simulated weathering
ISO 4892–1
Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 1: General guidance
JASO M346
Light exposure test method by xenon-arc lamp for automotive interior part
MIL–STD 810F
Environmental engineering considerations and laboratory tests — Part 2: Laboratory test methods — 505.4: Solar radiation (Sunshine) — limited
MIL–STD 810G
Environmental engineering considerations and laboratory tests — Part 2: Laboratory test methods — 505.5: Solar radiation (Sunshine) — limited
PV 1303
Non-metallic materials — Lightfastness test for interior parts
PV 3929
Non-Metallic Materials — Weather Ageing in Dry, Hot Climate
SAE J2412
Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Interior Trim Components Using a Controlled Irradiance Xenon-Arc Apparatus
SAE J2527
Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Exterior Materials Using a Controlled Irradiance Water Cooled Xenon-Arc Apparatus
VDA 621–429
Tests for automotive coatings — Weathering test for color fastness
VDA 621–430
Tests for automotive coatings — Test for resistance to cracking of 2 layer metallic clear coats
VDA 75202
Automotive interior materials — Colorfastness and ageing test against light at high temperatures: Xenon arc
VW PV 3930
Non-Metallic Materials — Weathering in Moist, Hot Climate
Analysis
Standard Description
ASTM E1347
Standard Practice for Color Analysis
ASTM E313
Standard Practice for Calculating Yellowing Index
ASTM D2244
Standard Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
ASTM D523
Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss
DIN EN ISO 20105–A02
Tests for color fastness of textiles
ATS' Commitment to Quality
Our environmental testing lab runs according to an ISO 9001 accredited quality management system. This distinction means that a third-party auditor affirms that ATS’ quality assurance program is consistent with the principles outlined in the internationally recognized standard on effective quality management practices. By implementing an ISO 9001 accredited system, we laid the foundation to continually improve our customers’ experience when they work with ATS. We make this effort to ensure that we provide our clients with reasons to keep coming back: accurate and detailed reporting, experts who are engaged, available, and responsive, all delivered within a short turnaround window.
If your company needs to determine whether your product or equipment sufficiently resists the effects of solar radiation, contact ATS today about our solar testing services — we take a closer look!

Quote Request Form

Video

Brochure