Formaldehyde Testing

formaldehyde testing
Commonly found in processed woods (particleboard, medium density fiberboard, etc.), glues and fabrics

Formaldehyde is a chemical used in processed woods (particleboard, medium density fiberboard, etc.), glues and fabrics just to name a few. The automotive industry is particularly interested in formaldehyde emissions regarding the interior automotive components. Characteristics of formaldehyde include: colorless, highly flammable, and a strong odor. Formaldehyde is used in products for a variety of reasons: fabrics for permanent-press and in processed woods to help the wood layers/pieces adhere together. Formaldehyde is considered a volatile organic compound (VOC), which means products containing formaldehyde may emit it and release formaldehyde into the environment. This off-gassing can potentially be a health hazard, which leads to the heightened concern regarding the safe use of formaldehyde in products. The California Air Resources Board (CARB) specifies emission limits based on the type of manufactured/engineered wood and the Environmental Product Agency (EPA) is still in a state of review with plans to formulate regulations impacting the use of formaldehyde in a variety of products.

ATS currently performs formaldehyde testing utilizing the following test methods:
  • AATCC Test Method 112-2008 Formaldehyde Release from Fabric, Determination of: Sealed Jar Method
  • ASTM D5582-00 Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Levels from Wood Products Using a Desiccator
  • EN ISO 14184-1:1999-02 Determination of Formaldehyde - Part 1: Free and hydrolyzed formaldehyde (water extraction method) (ISO 14184-1:1998)

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